Spaniards colonized huge parts of South America and as a result most people on the continent speak Spanish today, and the cultures there take a lot from Spanish culture. In 1884, pursuant to the Berlin Conference, colonies were officially established on the African west coast, often in areas already inhabited by German missionaries and merchants. European powers noticed that many of these raw materials happened to be abundant in Africa. German East Africa, German Deutsch-Ostafrika, former dependency of imperial Germany, corresponding to present-day Rwanda and Burundi, the continental portion of Tanzania, and a small section of Mozambique.Penetration of the area was begun in 1884 by German commercial agents, and German claims were recognized by the other European powers in the period 1885–94. Because all the good parts of Africa were already taken. Some saw Germany's behavior in South-West Africa as a precursor of German actions in the Holocaust. [34] This tension between the Allied and German governments over German colonies lasted until the outbreak of World War II. Five years later, a treaty with the king of Arguin in Mauritania established a protectorate over that island, and Brandenburg occupied an abandoned fort originally constructed there by Portugal. After diplomacy concluded and the conflicts resulted in German victory, their regime used bands of gunmen to maintain authority over local leaders. For example, Mtinginya of Usongo, a powerful Nyamwezi chief aided the Germans against Isike; but by 1901, he became a potential enemy and when he died a year or two later, his chiefdom was deliberately dismantled. The fact that many countries in Africa still experience high levels of poverty today, often despite the country’s natural riches, is used as proof by many that the colonialization of Africa did more harm than good. By 1900 a significant part of Africa had been colonized by mainly seven European powers—Britain, France, Germany, Belgium, Spain, Portugal, and Italy. Why Did Europe Colonize Africa? [36] The Germans expected to come in and simply begin colonization efforts, but instead they were renting land from the people who they were supposed to be colonizing; a paradoxical relationship. The extent of the forest prevented the coastal groups from uniting with the Grassfields peoples to stem the German tide. Well, in 1990 the German colony of South Western Africa became announced to be called Namibia. To a smaller extent, Germany and Italy had, too. However, due to the fact that European powers were disproportionately aided by the products of the industrial revolution, many former empires and kingdoms that had been present in Africa were at a disadvantage and lost to the colonizers. Moreover, Bismarck was suspect of France and Great Britain’s true intentions in Africa and this only furthered his desire to create an East African colony. However, the map shows Namibia. This lack of attention in schools implies that this is not an important period in German history. Colonization became so popular during this period for many reasons. In fact, European countries competed with one another to see who could attain the most power and growth. These were colonies unsuccessfully settled by Brandenburg-Prussia (part of the Holy Roman Empire realm), after 1701 Kingdom of Prussia, before the foundation of the German Empire in 1871.. Africa. [33] Some Germans also argued that the colonial territories which blossomed under their rule were economically ruined after they were expunged. Many of the old African collaborators did not necessarily lose power in this second stage of German administration, but to survive they had to adapt themselves and often reorganize their societies.[14]. By the … German colonies comprised territory that makes up 22 countries today, mostly in Africa, including Nigeria, Ghana, and Uganda. German planners anticipated that the fate of their African empire would be settled, if necessary, by wars in Europe, not in Africa itself. German control of Togoland dates back to February 1884 when a group of German soldiers kidnapped chiefs in Anecho, in present-day south-Eastern Togo and forced them into negotiations among the German warship Sophie. [42] Great Britain and France had made secret arrangements splitting German territory and the Treaty of Versailles only cemented what had already taken place. To persuade their surrender, the Germans told the Herero they would be allowed to return to their homeland; that they had been pardoned by the Kaiser. Throughout the colonial period, the societies that had been established in Africa fought hard to fend off their European colonizers. Parts of contemporary Chad, Gabon, Ghana, Kenya, Mozambique, Nigeria, the Central African Republic and the Republic of the Congo were also under the control of German Africa at various points during its existence. [11] Moreover, the imposition of tax in 1898 initiated the transition to the second phase of administration whose chief characteristic was the collapse of the compromises made earlier in the decade. [40] However, this was a lie and the Herero that were rounded up were sent to concentration camps. Over a century and a half later, the unified German Empire had emerged as a major world power. German urban areas were overcrowded because of a recent population boom, the poor became people without space to operate in. These troops were all that stood between the meagre German administration and the African population. Following World War II, the League of Nations was dissolved in … What countries did Italy colonize in Africa? The prospect of a colony in East Africa was too much to ignore; it was perfect for the continued economic stability and growth of Germany. By 1900 much of Africa had been colonized by seven European powers—Britain, France, Germany, Belgium, Spain, Portugal, and Italy. [28] To establish official control of the rest of the region, Germany signed treaties with Great Britain. After the first Germans were killed by the Herero, the Germans turned extreme and believed ethnic cleansing was necessary. The population of Rwanda is primarily made up of two ethnic groups, the Tutsi and the Hutu. [25] The Germans used these troops to combat many revolts against their rule. This exploration led initially to the establishment of th… why did Germany colonize Rwanda? “Namibia: Genocide and the Second Reich (BBC).”, Flight and expulsion of Germans (1944–1950), https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=German_colonization_of_Africa&oldid=1000276871, Articles containing Spanish-language text, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 14 January 2021, at 12:57. The Germans also started to treat the Herero harshly, started minor instances of conflict with them, and raped their women; the Herero became convinced that resistance was the only way to combat this. At the time of the Scramble for Africa, major world powers like Great Britain, France, and Spain were competing for power on the European stage. 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