At least 49 people died and 100 were injured. Mr. Farley said the police headquarters was in the rear of a "two-story building in an old shopping center, real old shoddy construction." Before Jan. 21, the last substantial earthquake in the Colima area was in 1995. [11], "Significant earthquakes of the World, 1995", "The macroseismic field generated by the Mw 8.0 Jalisco, Mexico, earthquake of 9 October 1995", "Death toll rising after earthquake in Mexico", "The October 9, 1995 Colima-Jalisco, Mexico earthquake (M, "Rapid postseismic transients in subduction zones from continuous GPS", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=1995_Colima–Jalisco_earthquake&oldid=997738372, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 2 January 2021, at 00:26. The shock occurred off the coast of Jalisco, Mexico, where a tsunami was triggered that affected a 200 km (120 mi) stretch of the coast. We analyze tsunami data of the great 1995 Colima‐Jalisco, Mexico earthquake, recorded in Cabo San Lucas, Baja California Sur, to estimate its rupture length, L. To model the tsunami arrival time, we assume a rectangular source area, oriented parallel to the trench, whose SE limit is fixed at the point of rupture initiation. The offshore areas near Guerrero have not ruptured since 1911, which are prone to cause large earthquakes. Historically, several significant earthquakes have occurred near the January 22nd event. The earthquake triggered a tsunami, which affected a 200 km coast. 8.0 magnitude earthquake. The location and orientation of the boundary 20- It registered a magnitude of 8.0 and killed 49 people. Many roads were blocked and telephone communication was cut to many parts of Colima and Jalisco, another Pacific coast state, where the damage was most severe. The seismotectonics of the region, however, is controversial. At least 49 people died and 100 were injured. The 1995 Colima–Jalisco earthquake occurred on October 9 at 15:35 UTC with a moment magnitude of 8.0 and a maximum Mercalli intensity of VIII (Severe). 1995 Colima Earthquake hereafter; Mendoza and Hartzell, 1999). The October 9, 1995 Colima-Jalisco earthquake (Mw 8.0) was a 2 shallow, thrust event which occurred near the junction of Rivera (RIVE), Cocos (COCOS), and North American (NOAM) plates (Figure 1). 1995 Colima-Jalisco earthquake 1995 Chiapas earthquake 1999 Tehuacán earthquake 1999 Oaxaca earthquake 2003 Colima earthquake 2009 Guerrero earthquake 2009 Gulf of California earthquake. "When we hear any sound we order everybody to be quiet, but unfortunately the hotel is right on the ocean, and the waves are crashing," said Adm. Manuel Barron, the navy chief of staff in Manzanillo. Strong mag. Big Quake Kills 34 On Mexican Coast; Resort Is Hard Hit. Most of the flooding occurred in the Tenacatita Bay area. We watched it collapse into a pile of dust.". Broadband teleseismic P waves have been analyzed to recover the rup-ture history of the large (M s 7.4) Colima-Jalisco, Mexico, shallow interplate thrust earthquake of 9 October 1995. Aftershocks of the 8.0 quake: Colima, Mexico, 9 Oct 1995 15h35 Show info about this Based on its magnitude, the fault that was active during the quake ruptured along a surface of approx. In this study we map rupture characteristics of the great, shallow, thrust earthquake of October 9, 1995 which caused extensive damage to the coastal towns of Colima and Jalisco. The quake, which struck at 9:40 A.M. local time, measured 7.6 on the open-ended Richter scale. [7], Although the tsunami affected a 200 km stretch of coast, severe damage was confined to areas with shallow shoreline topography. The tremor shook nine states Monday morning, hitting Jalisco and Colima the hardest. October 9, 1995 Colima-Jalisco earthquake (Mw 8.0). 5.2 km from El Colomo (3.2 … Occasionally the digitization process introduces transcription errors or other problems; we are continuing to work to improve these archived versions. Colima suffered a big earthquake in 1995. The 1995 Colima–Jalisco earthquake occurred on October 9 at 15:35 UTC with a moment magnitude of 8.0 and a maximum Mercalli intensity of VIII (Severe). Two bridges, spanning the Secco and Jualuco Rivers in Jalisco, collapsed, according to radio reports. The deadliest nearby earthquake occurred on September 19, 1985, in the Michoacan region 470 km to the northwest of the March 20th event. Around the bay in Manzanillo, several floors collapsed at the local headquarters of the Colima State Judicial Police. The Jalisco State government issued a communique anouncing that the Costa Grande, a large tourist hotel in San Patricio Melaque, about 30 miles to the northwest along the coast from Manzanillo, had also collapsed, killing 11 people. Inside the building were a station house and a jail, he said. Paricutín volcano, west of Mexico City, began venting smoke in a cornfield in 1943; a decade later this new volcano had grown to a height of 424 meters. He was reached with the help of amateur radio operators at the United Nations headquarters in New York. See the article in its original context from. Our study shows that the mainshock nucleated - 24 km south of Manzanillo, near the foreshock of October 6, 1995 (Mw 5.8), and propagated -130 km to the NW and -40 km to SE. During a day of considerable chaos, officials in the two states at first announced that at least 57 people had died, but hours later revised the death toll downward considerably. 1995-10-09 15:35:53 (UTC) | 19.055°N 104.205°W | 33.0 km depth The Baja California peninsula lies near the boundary of the Pacific Plate and the North American Plate, while southern Mexico lies just north of the boundary between the North American Plate and the Cocos and Rivera tectonic plates. In 1995 Colima-Jalisco earthquake on 2011-05-25 06:14:18, 404 Not Found; In 1995 Colima-Jalisco earthquake on 2011-06-08 03:02:56, 404 Not Found--JeffGBot 03:03, 8 June 2011 (UTC) External links modified. It was an 8 on the moment magnitude scale or 7.6 on the Richter scale. The Colima Earthquake happened on October 1995 and was known for causing a tsunami along the coast of Jalisco and Colima, leaving 100 persons dead, hundreds of buildings damages and thousands homeless. Broadband teleseismic P waves have been analyzed to recover the rupture history of the large (M(s) 7.4) Colima-Jalisco, Mexico, shallow interplate thrust earthquake of 9 October 1995. The 1995 Colima-Jalisco earthquake was diagnosed not only by applying the M8 algorithm but also by using addi-tional criteria of seismic gaps (Nishenko and Singh, 1987). Mr. Farley said that during the quake the waters of Manzanillo Bay dropped 10 feet and then roared back minutes later in a huge wave. The epicenter was 15 miles southeast of Manzanillo, in the state of Colima, said Bruce Presgrave, a geophysicist at the United States Geological Survey's Earthquake Information Center in Golden, Colo. Late today Government officials and the Televisa news program said 34 people were confirmed dead. [5] In Mexico, the Cihuatlan-Manzanillo was the most severely affected area. 1995-10-09 15:35:53 UTC at 15:35 October 09, 1995 UTC Location: Epicenter at 19.055, -104.205 5.2 km from El Colomo (3.2 miles) East Central Pacific Ocean. A powerful earthquake rocked Mexico's Pacific coast today, knocking down one resort hotel, heavily damaging several others and destroying hundreds of homes across two states. Mr. Naveja said he believed that the hotel had only been damaged and that he knew of no deaths there. The epicenter was 15 miles southeast of Manzanillo, in the state of Colima, … [4] The earthquake could be felt in Mexico City and in high-rise buildings in Dallas and Houston. Before Jan. 21, the last substantial earthquake in the Colima area was in 1995. The Secretary of Defense, Gen. Enrique Cervantes Aguirre, said that eight police officers and clerical workers died there. Some 50 people, including guests and workers, were in the hotel when it collapsed, and rescuers were listening for cries from the injured. Nine of the deaths came in Cihuatlan, a town about 20 miles northwest of Manzanillo, he said, and another person died in the nearby town of Mascota. In September 1985, a magnitude 8.0 earthquake killed more than 9,500 people in Mexico City. This earthquake occurred in the area where the Rivera Plate subducts beneath the North American Plate. If the postseismic moment release up to about two weeks after the main shock is included, it will be equivalent to 35% of that of the main shock, which will make the additional seismic moment equivalent to that of an Mw 7.7 earthquake. Geology. 8.0 magnitude earthquake. 10000 km 2 (=3861 sqare miles) as a first-order estimate. To preserve these articles as they originally appeared, The Times does not alter, edit or update them. 4.3 magnitude earthquake. Mexico lies within two seismically active earthquake zones. Numerous source scenarios of large subduction earthquakes are generated to assess the sensitivity and variability of tsunami inundation characteristics of the target region. The tremor rattled buildings and frightened people not only in Colima and Jalisco, but was also felt strongly in Mexico City and nine other Mexican states, stretching from San Luis Potosi in the north to Oaxaca in the south. Landslides blocked the highways between Melaque and Cihuatlan. But today's epicenter was 387 miles to the northwest of the Guerrero earthquake, and Mr. Presgrave of the Colorado earthquake center said quakes that far apart were unlikely to have been related. It registered a magnitude of 8.0 and killed 49 people. 1995-10-09 15:35:53 UTC at 15:35. "We have had to lament loss of human life, but fortunately, given the severity, the intensity of the tremor, the damages do not appear to be unmanageable.". At the American Embassy in Mexico City, a spokesman, James Williams, said no reports of Americans among the dead or injured had been received. TimesMachine is an exclusive benefit for home delivery and digital subscribers. [4], The aftershocks of this earthquake marked a rectangular region of about 170 km by 70 km. [8], The earthquake rupture lasted for about a minute and involved a 200 km long break along the plate boundary. At least eight people died in the collapse of the eight-story Costa Real, a beachside hotel in the resort city of Manzanillo, 524 miles west of Mexico City, and navy rescue crews were working with cranes to free others believed trapped under the wreckage. More recently, on October 9, 1995, a M 8.0 earthquake took place about 20 km to the northwest. "We're still hoping that there are people in there alive.". [6] It was the result of the relative movements between the North American Plate, the Rivera Plate, and the Cocos Plate. The Cihuatlan-Manzanillo area, Colima, was more severely affected than other areas. Michael Farley, an American who was on his yacht in the Manzanillo harbor, watched the Hotel Costa Real "crumble right before my eyes," he said in an interview over short-wave radio and telephone. The quake, which struck at 9:40 A.M. local time, measured 7.6 on the open-ended Richter scale. On October 9, 1995, a M 8.0 earthquake struck in the Colima-Jalisco region, resulted in at least 49 fatalities and left 1,000 people homeless. This event resulted in at least 49 fatalities and left 1,000 people homeless. In Mexico, the Cihuatlan-Manzanillo was the most severely affected area. Coast Of Colima, Mexico has had: (M1.5 or greater) 0 earthquakes in the past 24 hours 2 earthquakes in the past 365 days In southern Mexico, Volcán de Colima and El Chichón erupted in 2005 and 1982, respectively. On Monday, October 9, 1995 at 9:38AM a huge earthquake struck Cihuatlan-Manzanillo. October 09, 1995 UTC. This is a digitized version of an article from The Times’s print archive, before the start of online publication in 1996. In most M8 studies, the areas identified for the occurrence of large earthquakes were large and the probability of fore-casting an event by chance was high (Keilis-Borok and [4] Landslides blocked roads between Guadalajara and Manzanillo. [5] In Manzanillo, 18 people died in the collapse of an eight-story hotel. Depth: 71 km In Mexico City, the 63-story glass and steel headquarters of Petroleos Mexicanos, the state-owned oil monopoly, swayed terrifyingly by a yard or more, company officials said. 1995-11-09 03:37:58 UTC at 03:37 November 09, 1995 UTC Location: Epicenter at 19.844, -105.322 11.2 km from José María Pino Suárez (Nuevo Nahuapa) (7.2 miles) Coast Of Jalisco, Mexico. Location: Epicenter at 19.055, -104.205. "It looked like one of those films on TV, where the guys come in with dynamite and destroy the building. The shock occurred off the coast of Jalisco, Mexico, where a tsunami was triggered that affected a 200 km (120 mi) stretch of the coast. To isolate the earthquake rupture details, we deconvolve surface waves with two empirical Green's functions, the aftershock of October 12, 1995 (Mw 5.9) and the foreshock of October 6, 1995 (Mw 5.8), from the corresponding … To the north in Jalisco, at least 10 people were killed and some 90 seriously injured, said Mr. Naveja, the Jalisco spokesman. The earthquake could be felt in Mexico City and in high-rise buildings in Dallas and Houston. Later, however, Juan Maria Naveja, a spokesman for the Jalisco Governor, Alberto Cardenas, said that the report was mistaken. El Colomo , Colima , Mexico. The 1995 Colima-Jalisco earthquake was an 8.0 Mw earthquake which occurred on October 9, 1995 at 15:36 UTC, off the coast of Jalisco, Mexico, with least 49 people dead and 100 more injured. The earthquake was felt in Mexico City and in high-rise buildings in Dallas and Houston. [6], The tsunami had a maximum run-up height of 5.1 m. There were at least two waves recorded. 1995-10-06 05:13:25 UTC 5.8 magnitude, 33 km depth Manzanillo, Colima, Mexico Before Jan. 21, the last substantial earthquake in the Colima area was in 1995. Hello fellow Wikipedians, I have just modified 2 external links on 1995 Colima–Jalisco earthquake. At least 34 people were killed and more than 100 injured, the authorities said. Electricity and telephone service were briefly interrupted on the west side of Mexico City, and traders on Mexico's stock market halted operations for about 40 minutes. Mr. Naveja estimated that 900 homes collapsed in various towns in Jalisco. The assessment focuses upon the 1995 Jalisco–Colima Earthquake Tsunami from a retrospective viewpoint. The maximum dimension of the aftershock area, which is rectangular in shape, is 170 km x 70 km. It was on shore, at a depth of 40km / 25 miles, with a Mercalli intensity of "severe" (7), lasting about a minute. [10] Postseismic deformation has been recorded after the main shock. The 1995 Colima-Jalisco earthquake occurred close to the diffuse triple junction point between Rivera, Cocos and North American Plates. Ground-displacement records in the period range of 1-60 sec are inverted using a linear, finite-fault waveform inversion procedure that allows a variable dislocation duration on a prescribed fault. On Sept. 14, a quake of similar force and duration rattled the state of Guerrero, on the Pacific coast due south of the capital. [9] A 14 cm subsidence occurred at Manzanillo. "Everybody was yelling and pointing at the hotel," Mr. Farley said. [4], The variations in observed seismic intensity indicate that three asperities were ruptured during this event. "This quake, as you know, was of high intensity," Mr. Zedillo said at a press conference. President Fox waves to residents who lost their homes after the earthquake. In 1932, a M 8.4 thrust earthquake occurred about 100 km to the northwest. 6.0 earthquake - Offshore Colima, Mexico, on Thursday, 12 October 1995 at 16:52 (GMT) Strong magnitude 6.0 earthquake at 16 km depth THE 1995 COLIMA-JALISCO, MEXICO, EARTHQUAKE (MW 8) 2225 In Figure4 we compareP-waveGalitzin seismograms of the June 3. It had a magnitude of 7.6 and was centered in the Pacific Ocean, near the border between the two states. The quake hit just hours before President Ernesto Zedillo flew to the United States for a state visit with President Clinton. Most of the dead were aparently killed by collapsing homes. It killed 49 people, including 18 who died in the collapse of the eight-story Costa Real resort hotel in Manzanillo, 15 miles northwest of the epicenter. Depth: 33 km Reports from the public: 0 people A. 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